I have visited Vilnius with friend . During 2 week-ends. I will talk you about KGB museum which we visites. Firstly why there are a KGB museum(full name: Genocido Auku Muziejus) in Vilnius and why he is special ? During second World War Lithuania belonged to USSR. And the building is an Former Jail.
History of Lithuania war. On 15 June 1940, the Soviet Union occupied and subsequently annexed Lithuania, after it became the subject of a deal between Germany and Soviet Union. Moscow, with the help of local collaboration, destroyed gradually the sovereignty of the state, ruined the system of state power and administration and then implemented communist ideology and deported and imprisoned people.
An Unequal Fight:
The soviet authorities ruthlessly suppressed the armed anti-soviet resistance with brutal methods. More than 22, 000 freedom fighters, out of some 50, 000 participants in were imprisoned or sent to hard labour camps. The exhibition shows who was in charge of implementing Soviet power in Lithuania, and the organisations responsible for suppressing the armed anti-Soviet.
Deportations: 1944 – 1953
Deportations, the mass evictions of people from their places of residence to the remotest regions of the Soviet Union, were one of the most brutal measures taken by the Soviet regime against civilians. Entire families, parents and more were secretly, usually in the dead of night carried away in cattle cars.
The documentary material displayed acquaints visitors with the procedures of organising and carrying out deportations, the legal status and living conditions of the deportees, and statistical documents about the deportations. Documentary, featured films and photographs of burial grounds in Siberia, supplement the factual information, and show the fate and misery of the people who suffered humiliation and injustice.
The KGB: 1954-1991
Although in th 1950s the political regime that was introduced by Stalin started to relax, a newly established repressive institution, the KGB, went on persecuting dissidents.
By using documents regulating KGB activities, equipment that has survived, methodological material, forms used and other documentary material, attempts have been made to show the methods of the KGB as a department which fulfilled the functions of the political police in the Soviet Union, and to show it’s exceptional place in the Soviet political system.
Alongside the evidence of oppression carried out by the regime are displayed Soviet emblems that were in the offices of the KGB, images of meetings and demonstrations, and there material, which reflects clearly the reality of Soviet life, the difference between public life and the reality based on fear, compulsion and restrictions.